New Zealand

 

 

New Zealand History

 

 

New Zealand History

 

The first inhabitants of New Zealand were Maoris. They arrived on the island in about 1000; the history says that the Maoris came on the island in seven canoes from other parts of Polynesia. Abel Tasman, a Dutch navigator explored New Zealand in 1642, the British captain James Cook made three voyages to the islands in 1769. In 1840 the treaty of Waitangi between British and several Maori tribes promised to protect Maoris land, if they recognize the British rules. New Zealand was the first world’s country to give women the right to vote in 1893. In 1898 it adopted old age pensions, in 1907 a national welfare program was created, in 1938 medicine was socialized; they also created social security for elderly, orphans and widows. Recently New Zealand has introduced extremely liberal policies. In 2003, prostitution was legalized and in 2004 same sex unions were recognized and were given the same rights as married couples. The languages spoken in New Zealand are English and Maori, both are official. Around 24% of the population are Anglican, 18% Presbyterian, 15% Roman Catholic, 5% Methodist, 2% Baptist, 3% Protestant, 33% unspecified. New Zealand has a population of around 3.65 million.

 

New Zealand